The Chile de árbol is a small and potent Mexican. Their heat index is between 15,000 - 30,000. The name means “tree chili” in Spanish, which refers to the woody stem of the pepper. At 30,000 SHU, this is 6 times hotter than the average jalapeño. The peppers can carry some high heat, though would be more comparable in heat to a Serrano or cayenne pepper .
The peppers start out green and turn a bright red color as they mature. Other names for this pepper include Bird’s beak Chile, and Rat’s tail Chile. Chile de árbol peppers can be found fresh, dried, or powdered. The peppers start out green and turn a bright red color as they mature.